Given below are some statements followed by five levels of your agreement or disagreement. Please Tick (√ ) the box which is the closest to your opinion. SA= Strongly Agree A= Agree UND= Undecided DA=Disagree SDA= Strongly Disagree Sr. no Statement Answer options SA 1 A 2 UND 3 DA 4 SDA 5 1. Managing children at home has an impact on learning of the children and it must be managed by the teachers and parents at home. THANKS 2 Managing the children at home can reshape completely the overall progress of the children. 3. Teachers can help parents in improving the managing of the children at home by activities. 4 Managing the children at home has important role in improvement of proficiency of children. 5 With managing the children at home , children can have better learning. 6 High proficiency can be obtained by the children using Managing the the children at home . 7 Managing the the children at home has overemphasized the other learning skills. 8 Managing the the children at home improves the understanding of the children. 9 Managing the the children at home is a process to develop betterskills in children. 10 Managing the the children at home has an impact on the motivations of the children for learning. 11 Managing the the children at home of can be improved with practice and activities. 12 Better managing the children at home can raise the educational standards of the children. 13 Managing the the children at home enhances the confidence of the children in learning. 14 Teachers can help children in the improvement of the children at home by adopting techniques for the children. 15 Teachers should use audio visual aids to improve the management of the children at home. SURVEY QUESTIONAIRE (Appendix-B) Respected Sir/Madam, Assalam-o-Alaikum! I feel great honor to have your attention to my personal as well as National educational cause. I am a student of B.Ed. Program at Allama Iqbal Open University and working on my research topic “MANAGING THE CHILDREN AT HOME” You are requested to kindly spare your precious time for filling up this questionnaire. I ensure you that this information will be used only for research purpose.
Today nanotechnology immersed highly in almost every field of life and became an important interdisciplinary area of science. It deals with the matter at the atomic scale. Nanotechnology is now a very diverse filed to diagnose techniques. It is highly applicable in the different areas like drug release, antimicrobial activities, sunscreens, disinfectants and provides an eco-friendly and healthy process of manufacturing nanoparticles that are durable to diminish the production of waste products. Nowadays Nanorods and nanowires highly appealed the attentions towards the research community because of their uses in several areas like optoelectronics, antibacterial and antifungal activities, semiconductor materials and catalysis. ZnO is a semiconductor material with the energy gape of 3.37 eV. Zinc oxide has a high value of excitation potential of 60 MeV and the best of all existing compound semiconductor material. It has been revealed in many research proposals that zinc oxide has a unique high antibacterial effect amongst the semiconductor oxides (Nicole et al., 2008). Zinc oxide has been reported to yield different structures which include nanocages, Nanorods, nanobelts, nano wires, combs, rings and Nano bridges, etc. these nanostructures have a diverse and wide range of applications in the field of advanced electronic devices of nanoparticles. Plenty of techniques have been reported since to fabricate the nanoparticles in controlled manners. These nanoparticles can be synthesized either by solution or by gaseous phase. These methods are Ø Vapour transport process Ø Catalyst assisted vapour-liquid-solid process Ø Metal organic vapour-phase epitaxial growth 2 Ø Spray pyrolysis Ø Hydrothermal method However these methods are too much costly and require a high temperature for the production of nanoparticles (Zhang et al., 2004). 1.2. Nanoparticles Those particles which have a size range of 1 to 100 nanometres are called nanoparticles. The interfacial effects includes in the size range. This interfacial layer is an essential part of nanomaterial and affects the fundamental properties of particles. This layer mostly consists of ions, organic and inorganic molecules. Some organic materials caped by inorganic compound form stabilizers. This is also termed as capping and surface ligands which is also known as passivation agents. A particle acts as a small object in transformation and properties as a unit. Their classification is further done depending on the size of NPs (Batista et al., 2015). 1.3. Metal oxide nanoparticles In recent advancement in technology the metal oxide nanoparticles extensively incorporated due to their unique properties. These nanoparticles uniquely possess electrical, optical mechanical and magnetic properties. The thermal strength, chemical substances involved and the stability of these nanoparticles are combined with the above mentioned properties. These nanoparticles have large energy band gape form insulators to metallic and then superconducting ingredients. Form these metallic conductors have most important role in the broadness of applications in medical, electronics, photolytic, catalysis and optoelectronics (Lee et al., 2003). These oxide nanoparticles show metallic, insulating and semiconducting characteristics due to the difference in their structure. Out of these, ZnO and TiO2 nanoparticles are used devise electronic devices like optical components, sensors and LED’s. Different number of oxide compounds can be yielded by the diversity of 3 metal elements which can engage in number of geometric structures along the electronic structure that might show the intriguing features. Another important feature of oxide nanoparticles is that the involve catalyst oxides which act as an active phase and promoter which allows the active components to be dispersed. Such products generate billions of dollar rating every year and are used in plenty of fields (Wyckoff, 1964). 1.4. ZnO (Zinc oxide) It is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO in form of a white powder which is water insoluble and additively used in many materials including plastic, rubber, glass, lubricant, cement, pigments, sealants, food, ointments, first aid tapes, batteries and fire retardants. It is mostly synthesized but also occurs naturally in form of zincite mineral (De Liedekerke et al., 2006). Zinc oxide is a semiconductor material of semiconductors of group II-IV. It has a wide energy gape and is naturally an n-type material. It has a high electron mobility, wide band gape, transparency and room temperature luminescence property. Such properties of ZnO accounts for the use of nanoparticles application in energy saving windows, liquid crystal display, thin film transistors and LED’s (Ozgur et al., 2005). 1.5. ZnO nanostructure The metal oxide nanoparticles furiously enticed the attention in the field of nanoscience due to their unique properties and applications in many fields. In recent research, metal oxide semiconductors have applauded the scientific community attentions as a basic fundamental material. It has expanded meaningful interest in the research studies due to their large energy gape which is very useful for the production of laser action even above the RT. The oxide nanoparticles of which most importantly zinc oxide are found to be the richest family both in structure as well as 4 properties. This is a white powder which is water insoluble and used mostly as an additive in many minerals like ceramics, glass, plastic, paints, cement, lubricants, rubber pigments and many foods and daily useable substances.