SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The study was conducted to find out the effect of parent’s educational background on students’ academic achievement. For this purpose data collected from many secondary schools in Rawalakot through questionnaire.175 respondents were answer on these questionnaire. After data collection results was analyzed on SPSS using simple correlation method. Results told us there was moderate correlation exist between parents educational background and students achievements.
A moderate positive correlation was found in mother’s and father’s education level with academic scores with the Pearson correlation of 0.295 and 0.262 respectively with significance level at 0. From the analysis of the relationship between fathers’ and mothers’ education with academic achievement, it is comprehensible that there is a significant correlation between the parents’ educational background with the academic achievement of the children. This analysis proves the hypothesis of the study and the literature which strongly support it.
The results of this study check that the educational background of the parents do effect the academic success of the students. Mostly it means that when parents are well-educated, they implement sure methods to improve the educational achievement of their children. As per the five subjects, parents with high educational qualification does matter with the children’s academic achievement but the main significant fi from this study is that, parents with no educational background even have a significant impact on their children. This finding was important because one get to know that parents’ education is not the sole factor in the educational success of the children. This was proven by the correlation test done in SPSS and there was moderate correlation between the independent and dependent variables. None the less parents’ education does have a significant impact on their children’s educational attainment.
After the correlation between the parents’ level of education and the academic achievement of the students it can be decided that, there is a relationship between these two variables. One can also determine that the education level of parents does affect their children’s achievement in school. The result of the two variables which observed the parents’ educational background and the properties on students’ academic performance specified that there was important relationship. This result accompaniments the result from other researchers that specified that rank of parents does not only mark the academic performance of students but also make it unbearable for children from low socio-economic background to strive well with their equal from high socio economic background under the same academic atmosphere. It was privileged that the results and the literature completed each other actually fine. One important comment that the researcher can make is that education of the parents is not the only feature of the children’s academic success.
1. As there is a correlation between the parents’ education level and the academic achievement of the children, the teachers and the apprehensive specialists should establish consciousness movement about the parents to encourage their participation at home. Future researchers should exclude home visits to collect data about parent-child connections. Home visits could offer future researchers plentiful information of students’ home lives and practices.
2. As per the results the parents’ educational background has a sensible relationship with children’s academic achievement, this directs that there are other features strongly disturbing the children’s academic success. Therefore, this needs future researchers to get elaborate in this.
3. There is a great chance for the future researchers to carry out research integrating the results of city setting and comparing it with the country side one.
4. As both the results and the literature maintenance the position of parental involvement with their children, I powerfully wish the parents to be more involved and take part in their school activities so that they feel linked and achieve fine in life.
1.1 Background of the Study
Elementary education plays an important role in the development of any country. It is a stage where we prepare students to meet the future needs. Treat emphasis is given on the elementary education. It is there possibility of state to provide basic education to all its children. The govt. has made a policy to enrol all school age children in the schools.
According to the United Nation declaration of human rights, everyone has to get education. Education should be free and compulsory at least in the elementary and fundamental stage. Elementary Education is consists of classes from 1st to 5th and middle from 6th to 8th.
In Pakistan, greatest number of country’s population attends the primary stage. This stage is the means by which universal literacy can be attained within a community. Classically elementary education as basic education was limited to be development of three basic skills, popularly known as three R‟s i.e. reading, writing and reckoning (Shahid, 2002).
Elementary education in any system of education occupies the pivotal position. The individual is provided training of the basic knowledge, skills and attitudes. For providing training the needs, problems, facilities and the psychological principals are kept in view for selecting the knowledge, skills and attitudes to be imparted to the students. Primary education should be co-education otherwise according to the local needs. The tenure of elementary education may be fixed keeping in view the aforesaid: elementary education at the time of independence was of four years duration. In 1947 in the meeting of All Pakistan conference I was decided to make this duration from four to five years. Progressively elementary education would be of six years and ultimately of eight years. Practically elementary education is spread over a period of five years that starts at the age of five and ends at ten (Rashid, 2004).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Educational facilities play a crucial role in strengthening and improving the quality of education therefore the study in hand was conducted to investigate the availability of educational facilities at secondary level in Poonch region, Azad Kashmir, (Pakistan).
1.3 Research Objectives
The objectives of the study were:
- To investigate the availability of educational facilities at secondary school level
- To explore the causes of poor availability of educational facilities at secondary school level.
- To suggest proper ways and means to ensure the availability of educational facilities at secondary school level.
1.4 Research Questions
As the study was descriptive in nature therefore a single questionnaire was developed for the whole participants of the research study. The instrument was composed of forty three (43) closed ended questions and one open ended question. The closed ended questions were developed to investigate the availability and extent of availability of educational facilities. The open ended question was designed to explore the causes of poor availability of educational facilities.
1.5 Significance of the Study
Given the limited research done on An Analysis of Elementary Education Facilities in some Areas of Poonch Region. Educational facilities play a crucial role in strengthening and improving the quality of education. Therefore, the study in hand was conducted to investigate the availability of educational facilities at the secondary level in Poonch region, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
1.6 Scope and Limitations of the study
Owed to the setting of the research being directed, it would not be applied simplify it to the whole population. As the study was descriptive in nature therefore the study was limited to a single questionnaire that was developed for the whole participants of the research study.
1.7 Delimitation of the study
The study was delimited to the selected male 60 secondary schools in Poonch region, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The study was further delimited to the teachers and students teaching and studying at secondary classes.
1.8 Research methodology
All the heads, teachers and students working and studying at secondary school level in Poonch region, Azad Kashmir, (Pakistan) constituted the population of the study. In order to ensure adequate representation of the population, only 60 heads, 125 secondary school teachers and 680 secondary school students (at ratio of 100%, 75% and 10% of population respectively) were selected randomly.
1.8.2 Sampling Technique
The sampling technique used was the random sampling method.
The sample size was only 60 heads, 125 secondary school teachers and 680 secondary school students (at ratio of 100%, 75% and 10% of population respectively) were selected randomly. The total number of the sample was 865.
1.8.4 Research Instrument
Research instrument occupies the most important position in the entire research study. As the study was descriptive in nature therefore a single questionnaire was developed for the whole participants of the research study. The instrument was composed of forty three (43) closed ended questions and one open ended question. The closed ended questions were developed to investigate the availability and extent of availability of educational facilities. The open ended question was designed to explore the causes of poor availability of educational facilities.
1.8.5 Data Collection
The researchers personally visited to the respective heads, teachers and students for the collection of data. The researchers distributed questionnaires among the participants of the research study and data was collected.
1.8.6 Data analysis
After the collection of data, the data was organized, tabulated, analysed and interpreted. The researchers considered suitable to apply percentage for the statistical treatment of the data. Therefore, percentage was applied in order to draw the results.
1.9 Operational definitions
1.9.1 Educational facilities
Educational facilities include buildings, fixtures, and equipment necessary for the effective and efficient operation of the program of public education, classrooms, libraries, rooms and space for physical education, space for fine arts, restrooms, specialized laboratories, cafeterias, media centers, building equipment,